Thesis statements must:
- Be relevant
- Be specific
- Include the primary thematic focus
- Be debatable
Not all that we perceive is made to be comprehended, and the simple act of accepting that brings us closer to the meaning of life. This is less a tale of two lost souls trying to find their way in a harsh world than it is a jovial, joking message that our perception of dreams versus reality is completely subjective. The insertion of fantastically ridiculous characters is more for comedic effect on Murakami’s part than anything else, and intentionally so (he himself says this bluntly in interviews). It is not a lesson either. There are no morals in this book, but simply a pitch that it is easier to dream than we think it is, awake or asleep.
The major theme rendered by the novel is that one’s duty to oneself as a person outweighs one’s duty to society or to others. This idea, although commonly accepted in men, when adopted by women was met with outrage.
Rosencrantz and Guildenstern live in a constant state of confusion, unable to really comprehend anything, while still appearing to have a grasp on reality, though they do not. The bumbling of Rosencrantz and Guildenstern demonstrate that the world is an incomprehensible place. It is confusing and random, and because of this, impossible to understand.
Love, cruelty and tragedy are deeply intertwined throughout the novel, leaving a sense of mystery. Though more often than not these relationships between the characters are evolved first from love, then blossom to heartbreak and finally end in an intense passion of cruelty, desire, and a thirst for revenge.
Through a labyrinthine caricature of New York City in the early twentieth century, the author critically analyzes the struggle for equality through change in racial, social, and gender equality.